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Updated on 04.01.2016

Off season production of litchi in South India for crop diversification and income enhancement of farmers NEW

  TSP activities of CHES,Chettalli in the month of December 2015

  • CHES  staff visited Nakoor Shirangala and Heroor on 01.12.2015,8.12.2015 and 14.12.2015 and distributed unbreakable plastic water cans and baskets  and follow activities of  supplied poultry birds and fruit plants. Totally 140 tribal beneficiaries were participated.
  • On Campus  Training on Spice crops :50 Tribal beneficiaries from Nakoor Shirangala village under the TSP plan visited Chettalli on 15-12-2015. A Training programme was conducted under the subject spice crops. Dr. Senthil kumar   Principal Scientist & Head explained about the cultivation aspect of Black Pepper, Ginger and Turmeric. The budding method like serpentine method and rooted cuttings planting method has been explained. The basic cultivation method with proper irrigation fertilizer application, spray and pruning also explained to them.The trainees were taken to nursery and cinnamon plots. 
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  • Exposure visit to IIHR,  Hesarghatta  and  KVK,  Hirehalli:25 Tribal beneficiaries of Nakoor Shirangala village were taken to IIHR Bengaluru and KVK Hirehalli for 3 days from 16-12-2015 to 18-12-2015 .The benificiaries were taken to TTC, IIHR Bengaluru. Concerned concerned scientist took them theoretical class and explained the activities of the station. Also the various micro nutrients application to vegetable crops and Banana were also taught to them. Field visits like flower plots, nursery and minor fruit crops plots also demonstrated. The beneficiaries were taken to KVK Hirehalli. The activities of the station is explained and visit to demonstration plots were made.
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Seed and plant multiplication

The station has 4 hectare nursery unit good infrastructure for multiplication of diseases free healthy plants for Coorg mandarins, passion fruits, avocado etc. . The mother plants as well the seedlings and buddlings of Coorg mandarin are maintained under net house for protection against vector transmitted diseases. In addition, budded plants of a rose, China rose and pepper are also being propagated for distribution. Breeder seed of Coorg honey dew papaya are being multiplied to supply to the growers all over India.

Bee-keeping

An apiary was established with the objective of studying the role of bee management practices for increasing productivity of horticultural crops and for increased honey production. All the four species of bees apis dorsata, a. Cerana indica, a. Florea and trygona sp. Are found in the area. More than 50 plant species served as pollen and nectar forage for the bees during the year. Schefflera spp. And bidens pilosa, are very good nectar sources during april to june. The maximum honey flow periods are during April-May and December. Dividing colonies during march with four frame strength was the best in colony building and honey production. An ant proof stand has been developed and popularized. There was sustainable yield increased was observed in most of fruit crops and coffee. 50% of crop yielding was observed in citrus by bee pollination. The station is providing training and technical guidance to the growers of the region on honey bee management.

Trichoderma production

Trichoderma harzianum kodagu isolate was isolated from the soil of Kodagu region by the scientists of CHES, Chettalli. It has been found effective in management of pepper wilt, root rot of Coorg mandarin, rhizome rot of ginger and cardamom. Two applications of Trichoderma one  as pre monsoon and other post monsoon were recommended for management of these diseases. One kg of Trichoderma mixed with 100 kg of fym needs to be applied for disease control at Chettalli it is multiplied on coffee cherry husk and provided to the grower at reasonable costs.

Mushroom spawn production

The spawn of oyster mushroom is being multiplied and supplied to the mushroom growers. Locally available agricultural wastes can be used as substrate. The training of mushroom production is also organized for the growers. Temperature and humidity is highly favourable to grow this mushroom in this region. A small demonstration production unit is functional at the station.

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Vermicompost

The station is also maintaining a small demonstration unit of vermicomposting. Where in the decomposable farm produce wastes (banana wastes) can be recycled by using earth worms.

Trainings

This station regularly conducts training on nursery management fruit production technology, Mushroom cultivation, apiculture etc., for the benefits of the local growers.

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Field days

This station organized field days of various crops such as Rambutan, Litchi, Avocado etc. at regular intervals for creating awareness among the growers.

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Exhibitions

This station regularly organizes exhibitions to show causing all technology of IIHR and CHES at regular interval. This station also participating in exhibition organized by various organization at regular interval.

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Important visitors

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Publication

Technical bulletins

  1. Rambutan: an underutilized fruit crop for tropical humid climates, 2007 (in English and kannada)
  2. Improved technology for Coorg mandarin production, 2007
  3. Promising lines of underutilized fruits at CHES, Chettalli, 2011
  4. Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Chettalli : at a glance, 2011 (In English, Hindi and kannada)
  5. Production of quality planting material for Coorg mandarin 2012
  6. Gunamattada kodagina kittale sasigala utpadane (In kannada), 2012
  7. Mali tarabethi kaipidi (In Kannada) (handbook of gardeners training), 2012

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