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Floriculture Crops

Sl No. Crop Name Variety / Hybrid Name Description Image
1 Mucuna Arka Chandan

Medium duration (155-165 days) variety with the seed yield of 3.0 to 3.5 t/ha under support and 2.0 t/ha under surface cultivation with the L dopa content of 3.86% and yield of 150.39 kg/ha. It produces medium bold size seeds with white seed coat. (IIHR Sel.3)

2 Mucuna Arka Shukla

Medium duration (155-165 days) variety with the seed yield of 3.0 to 3.5 t/ha under support and 2.0 t/ha under surface cultivation with the L dopa content of 3.86% and yield of 150.39 kg/ha. It produces medium bold size seeds with white seed coat. (IIHR Sel.3)

3 Mucuna Arka Charaka

High yielding medium duration (155-165 days) variety with non-irritant trichomes produces      medium size seeds with black shiny seed coat. It yields 4.0 to 4.25 t/ha under support and 2.0 to 2.25 t/ha under surface cultivation with high L dopa content (4.80%) and yield (200 kg/ha). (IIHR PS 6)

4 Mucuna Arka Shubra

High yielding long duration (180-190 days) variety with non-irritant trichomes produces medium size seeds with white seed coat. It yields 4.5 to 5.5 t/ha under support, 2.25 to 2.75 t/ha under surface cultivation with high L dopa content of 5.43% and yield of 269.67 kg/ha. (IIHR PS 2).

5 Mucuna Arka Dhanwantri

Seed yield of 4.2 t/ha

L-dopa yield of 190 kg/ha

Long duration: 185-190 days

Purple flowers on long rachis

No Fruiting in basal nodes

Shiny black seed coat / medium sized seeds

6 Centellaasiatica Arka Divya (CA-1)

Suitable for vegetable purpose with broad leaf, high biomass yield, mineral and vitamin A (32.33mg/100g) content.

7 Centellaasiatica Arka Prabhavi (CA-13)

Recorded higher Asiaticoside content (>3%) and total Tri-Terpenes content (6-8%) suitable for active ingredient extraction industry.

8 Ashwagandha Arka Ashwagandha

The dry root yield is around 12 q/ha with a  withanolide concentration of 0.58%. It is tolerant to bacterial wilt and late blight diseases.

9 Rose Arka Sinchana

Arka Sinchana is highly floriferours  everblooming floribunda rose identified for garden display Flowers are bright red in color (RHS colour chart Red Group-43-A) with flowers produced in bunches. Young leaves are bronze green in colour turning to deep green as the leaves mature.  Flowers are small in size (5.4cm), and filled with multiple petals ranging 40-45/flower.  On an average it produces 1250-1500 flowers/plant/year.

10 Rose Arka Sharmeeli

Arka Sharmeeli  is an ever blooming floriferous Hybrid T rose identified for garden display.  Flower color changes from light pink to different shades of red from bud to different stages of blooming.  Flowers are produced in bunches of 2-3 flowers at the tip of long stalks.  On an average it produces 450-500 flowers/plant/ year.  Flowers are medium size with an average flower diameter of 7-8cm and with 30-35petals/flower.   In the initial stage of flower opening, petal colour is of redgroup 50-A and slowly colour turns dark with red group 53-A as recorded with RHS color chart.

11 Rose Arka Kinnari

Arka Kinnari is an ever blooming floriferous Hybrid T rose identified for garden display .  It produces bicolor flower consisting vermilion red shading towards orient pink. High  centered buds  with slow twisted opening makes it an attractive flower.  Arka Kinnari is characterised by long stalk with cluster of flowers. It has dark green shining foliage.   On an average it produces around 400-450 flowers/plant/year.  Flowers are large with an average flower diameter of 10-11cm and with 35-40petals/flower.  Petal inner side colour is red group 38-A and outer side is  red-purple group 65-D while colour of basal spot is yellow group 2-D as recorded with RHS color chart . 

12 Rose Arka Savi

It has been identified for commercial cultivation in open field for loose flower production.  'ArkaSavi' is a spray category of rose belonging to floribunda group.  It has flowers of Purple Pink flower (RHS colour chart Red purple group 66-A) and flowers are produced in bunches.   ‘ArkaSavi’, the rose hybrid is identified for its floriferous nature with high yield. Potential yield of flowers expected is 30 tons/acre/year.  In addition to high yield, it has added advantage of long shelf life (5 -6 days). Rose hybrid for loose flower production in open field.

13 Rose Arka Sukanya

Fragrant flowers, highly floriferous; ideal for garden display, potential for aroma extraction and  aroma therapy. It was identified for release by Institute VTIC

14 Rose Arka Pride

Flowers are orange in colour; for cut flower, for open field and protected cultivation.

15 Rose Arka Ivory

Flowers are creamish white in colour, moderately resistant to mites, long flower stalk; for cut flower production under protected cultivation.

16 Rose Arka Swadesh

Identified for cut flower production  

under Polyhouse cultivation

Long stalk flowers with an average stalk length of 65-70cm

High yielding capacity of 145 fl stalks/sq.mt/year.   Medium sized flowers with good keeping quality (6 days).

Shining foliage and flowers of attractive red color.

17 Rose Arka Parimala

Red-purple coloured flowers, fragrant and moderately resistant to thrips and black spot.

Yield: 5.5 to 6.0 lakh loose flowers /acre /year.

18 Marigold Arka Honey

French marigold photo insensitive variety with double coloured flower. Border is orange (RHS colour chart Orange group N-25C) and center is dark red (RHS colour chart red group 44-A). Plants are dwarf with spreading habit and floriferous.  Flowering is observed throughout the year.

Days to flower initiation:30-35 days after planting with a flowering duration of 6 weeks.

Duration of crop: 3 months

Flower size: 4.8 cm

Flower yield/acre:  5.8 tons/acre

19 Marigold Arka Pari

French marigold photo insensitive variety with dwarf plant habit with spreading habit and floriferous nature.  Flowers are orange in colour. Colour changes into different shades of orange depending upon light, temperature and stage of flower (RHS colour chart -Orange Group N-25B in the beginning changes N-25 C and N-25 D).  Flowering is observed  throughout the year. Flower initiation starts 30 days after planting with a flowering duration of 9 weeks. Duration of crop: 3 months. Flower size: 4.3 cm. Number of flowers : 500-600/plant

Flower yield/acre: 4.7tons/acre

20 Marigold Arka Bangara-2

Flowers are yellow gold colour, vegetatively propagated, early flowering, flowers are compact and large in size; for loose flower. It was identified for release by Institute VTIC .

21 Marigold Arka Agni

Flowers are orange colour, vegetatively propagated, early flowering, flowers are compact and large in size; for loose flower .

22 Marigold Arka Bangara

Flowers are of yellow gold colour, vegetatively propagated, early flowering, floriferous; for loose flower. It was identified for release by Institute VTIC .

23 Gerbera Arka Nesara (IIHR 8-45)

Double type flowers with red group 50A, suitable for cut flower and flower arrangement. It was identified for release by Institute VTIC.

24 Gerbera Arka Ashwa (IIHR 3-34)

Double type flowers with red purple group 68D, suitable for cut flower and flower arrangement. It was identified for release by Institute VTIC

25 Gladiolus Arka Pratham

It  is having attractive violet floret colour i.e., Purple Violet (82.A) having Purple (77.A) margin and Green White (157.C) line on lower lip, upright spikes and early flowering (58-65 days). This is suitable for cut flower and bedding purpose and the marketable spikes per corm were 1.59.

26 Gladiolus Arka Ranjini

It is having attractive floret colour i.e., Purple (78.A) middle, Red – Purple (72.A) margin with Green-Yellow (1.D) blotch,  florets arranged in double rows, short spikes and early flowering (62-68 days). This is suitable for cut flower and bedding purpose and the marketable spikes per corm were 1. 82.

27 Gladiolus Arka Aayush

Resistant to Fusarium wilt, red floret colour with red blotch and yellow border; for cut flower and flower arrangement.

28 Gladiolus Arka Amar

Florets pink with white blotch

Yield: 30.24 spikes /m2 / crop season

Use: Cut flower

Important character:  It is high yielding and has 8.5 days vase life

Released in 2010

29 Gladiolus Arka Gold

Florets are Yellow with red blotch

Yield: 24.80 spikes /m2 / crop season

Use: Cut flower

Important character: It comes to flowering 74 days after planting

Released in 2010

30 Crossandra Arka Chenna

Flower of this variety is medium sized,  20 per cent bigger than the local.  Petal colour is  orange.  Yield is 4 times higher than the local variety i.e., 40 kgs/ week per 1000 plants,  The shelf life is 3.4 days. The stalk strength is 0.82kg/cm2 which is 20 per cent more than the local variety

31 Crossandra Arka Shravya

Possesses flowercolour belonging to Orange –Red group (35.B) of RHS colour chart and suitable as a cut flower as well.

Does not set seeds and has to be multiplied by terminal cuttings.

32 Crossandra Arka Shreeya

Possesses bigger flower size with flower colour belonging to Orange - Red group 32.Cof RHS colour chart.

Does not set seeds and has to be multiplied by terminal cuttings.

33 Crossandra Arka Ambara

Orange red, big flowers

Yield:    5.9 t/acre/year

Use: Loose flower

Important character:  Bigger size flowers and also pleasing colour.

34 Crossandra Arka Kanaka

Orange big flowers,  Yield: 5.01 t /acre/year

Use:   Loose flower, Important character:  Bigger size flowers and also pleasing colour

35 Tuberose Arka Nirantara

A hybrid with single type flowers and gives high spike yield. It exhibits early flowering and prolonged blooming period from 6-8 months. It possesses higher concrete content of 0.132 % It is tolerant to nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita). The yield of loose flowers varies from 20-25t/ha/year.

36 Tuberose Arka Vaibhav

This hybrid bears double flowers on medium spikes and exhibits early flowering.

The flower buds are greenish in colour.

Spike yield is 2.5-3.0 lakh spikes/ha/yr.

37 Tuberose Arka Prajwal

This hybrid bears single type flowers on tall, sturdy spikes.

The flower buds are slightly pinkish in colour while the flowers are white.

It yields 20-22t/ha/year.

38 China aster Arka Archana

White colored early flowering, spreading growth habit; for bedding and loose flower.

39 China aster Arka Aadya

Pink colored, early flowering, spreading growth habit; for bedding and loose flower.

40 China aster Arka Shashank

Flowers are powderpuff with tubular ray florets, creamy white in colour; suitable for garland, floral decoration and cut flower

41 China aster Arka Poornima

Flowers are powderpuff type, pure white in colour, disc tubular; suitable for garland, floral decoration and cut flower

42 China aster Arka Kinnari

Flowers are semi-double type, deep pink in colour; suitable for garland, floral decoration and cut flower

43 Chrysanthemum Arka Kirti

Flowers are double korean, white fades to pink in colour; suitable for floral decoration and bedding

44 Chrysanthemum Arka Chandrika

Flowers are decorative type, white in colour; suitable for garland and cut flower

45 Chrysanthemum Arka Yellow Gold

Flowers are decorative type, yellow with brick red stripes on petals; suitable for cut flower and making bouquet

46 Chrysanthemum Arka Chandrakant

Flowers are decorative type, white in colour; suitable for garland and bedding

47 Marigold Arka Honey