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Agriculture Operations

Weather and weather based monitoring for Horticultural crops

 

1. Vegetable Crops

 

Sl.  No.

IMD Regions

Crop/variety

Cultural operations

Pest / disease

 scenario

Control measures to be followed

1.1  

 

Coastal Karnataka 

Gourds: Coccinia

 

Midge

Prune affected parts and spray neem seed powder extract 4%

 

 

Brinjal: 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake (with 8-10 % oil)  (250 kg/ha) to ridges at the initiation of  flowering (40-50 days after planting) and repeat 2-3 times at 30-45 days interval.

Erect pheromone traps (15-20/ha) at flowering

Release egg parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis  @ 40,000/ha at weekly interval at flowering.

Spray  ranaxypyr (chloranraniliprole) (0.3 ml/l) if required only

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Spray  imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l) or acephate   (1 g/l) at pre-flowering stage

 

 

Leafy vegetables:

 

Leaf eating caterpillar

Spray neem seed powder extract 4%  or neem soap 1%  

1.2

South Interior Karnataka 

 

 

Onion:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Cabbage:

 

Diamondback moth, leaf webber, aphids

Follow IPM as given below:

Spray seedlings with BT formulation 1ml or 1 gm/l one day before transplanting.

Sow one row of mustard for every 25 rows of cabbage at the time of cabbage planting.

Spray Neem seed powder extract (4%) or BT-1ml/l or neem soap 10 g/l after 15-20 DAP.

Repeat sprays at 10 days interval 4-5 times. 

For aphid control spray dimethoate 2 ml/l, if required.

 

 

Cauliflower:

 

Diamondback moth,

Spray seedlings with BT formulation 1ml or 1 gm/l one day before transplanting.

Sow one row of mustard for every 25 rows of cabbage at the time of cabbage planting.

Spray Neem seed powder extract (4%) or BT-1ml/l or neem soap 10 g/l after 15-20 DAP.

Repeat sprays at 10 days interval 4-5 times. 

For aphid control spray dimethoate 2 ml/l, if required.

 

 

Beans: 

 

Stem fly

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%)  at 7 and 10 days after sowing

 

 

 

 

Thrips

Spray dimethoate (2 ml/l)

 

 

Okra

 

Borer

Spray neem soap (1%l) or neem seed powder extract 4%  at 7-10 days interval.

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Spray imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) before flowering. Do not spray after flowering.

 

 

Tomato:

 

Fruit borer

 

Follow IPM given below:

Dip seedlings in imidacloprid (0.3ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l).

Plant 1 row of 45 day old tall African marigold seedlings for every 16 rows of tomato. Spray imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) / thiomethoxam  (0.3 gm/l)  at 15 days after transplanting.

Remove leaf miner infected leaves before planting and repeat 2-3 times before flowering

Spray NPV 250 LE at 28,35 and  42 days after transplanting (spray in the evening by mixing with 2% jaggery)

 

 

 

 

Leaf miner

Remove leaf miner infected leaf parts  before planting

Collect and destroy infected leaf parts at 7 days after planting and repeat at 7 days interval.

Do not spray any synthetic insecticides as it may increase the pest damage.

Spray only neem based pesticdes or neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%), if required.

1.3

 

 

 

North Interior Karnataka

 

 

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

 

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray dicofol ( 2.5 ml/l)

 

 

Onion

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Beans: 

 

Stem fly

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%)  at 7 and 10 days after sowing

 

 

Brinjal:

 

Mylocerus ash weevil

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Spray neem soap (1%l) or neem seed powder extract 4%  at 7-10 days interval.

 2..1 

 

Konkan & Goa 

Gourds: Coccinia

 

Midge

Prune affected parts and spray neem seed powder extract 4%

 

 

Brinjal:

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

Leafy vegetables:

 

Leaf eating caterpillar

Carbaryl  3g /L

3.1

Madhya Maharashtra

Onion :

 

Thrips  

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Okra: 

 

Fruit borer

Spray neem soap (1%l) or neem seed powder extract 4%  at 7-10 days interval.

3.2 

Marathwada 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Okra:    

 

Fruit borer

Spray neem soap (1%l) or neem seed powder extract 4%  at 7-10 days interval.

3.3

Vidarbha

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

4.1

 

 

Coastal

Andhra Pradesh

Brinjal:

 

Mylocerus ash weevil

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 4.2 

 Telangana

Brinjal

 

 

Mylocerus ash weevil

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Tomato:

 

Fruit borer

 

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

Leaf miner

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

4.3

 

 

Rayalaseema

 

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Tomato:

 

Fruit borer

 

 

Dip seedlings in imidacloprid (0.3ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l).

Plant 1 row of 45 day old tall African  marigold seedlings  for every 16 rows of tomato. Spray imidacloprid ( 0.3 ml/l) / thiomethoxam  (0.3 gm/l)  at 15 days after transplanting.

Remove leaf miner infected leaves before planting and repeat 2-3 times before flowering

Spray NPV 250 LE at 28,35 and  42 days after transplanting (spray in the evening by mixing with 2% jaggery)

 

 

 

 

Leaf miner

Dip seedlings in imidacloprid (0.3ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l).

Plant 1 row of 45 day old tall African  marigold seedlings  for every 16 rows of tomato. Spray imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) / thiomethoxam  (0.3 gm/l)  at 15 days after transplanting.

Remove leaf miner infected leaves before planting and repeat 2-3 times before flowering

Spray NPV 250 LE at 28,35 and  42 days after transplanting (spray in the evening by mixing with 2% jaggery)

 

 

Brinjal:

 

Mylocerus ash weevil

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

5.0

 

 

 

Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry

Chilli:

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Tomato:

 

Fruit borer,

Dip seedlings in imidacloprid (0.3ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l).

Plant 1 row of 45 day old tall African  marigold seedlings  for every 16 rows of tomato. Spray imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) / thiomethoxam  (0.3 gm/l)  at 15 days after transplanting.

Remove leaf miner infected leaves before planting and repeat 2-3 times before flowering

Spray NPV 250 LE at 28,35 and  42 days after transplanting (spray in the evening by mixing with 2% jaggery)

 

 

 

 

Leaf miner

Dip seedlings in imidacloprid (0.3ml/l) or thiomethoxam (0.3 g/l).

Plant 1 row of 45 day old tall African marigold seedlings for every 16 rows of tomato. Spray imidacloprid (0.3 ml/l) / thiomethoxam  (0.3 gm/l)  at 15 days after transplanting.

Remove leaf miner infected leaves before planting and repeat 2-3 times before flowering

Spray NPV 250 LE at 28,35 and  42 days after transplanting (spray in the evening by mixing with 2% jaggery)

 

 

Brinjal:

 

Mylocerus ash weevil

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Shoot & fruit borer

 

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

 

 

 

 

Hopper

Apply oiled neem cake with 8-10% oil  to ridges @ 250kg/ha at planting and repeat at 30 DAP

6.0

Kerala

 

Chilli: 

 

Thrips

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

 

 

White mite

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%) or neem soap (1%) 4-5 times at 10 days interval

 

 

Beans:  

 

Stem fly

Spray neem seed powder extract (4%)  at 7 and 10 days after sowing

 

 

 

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